18 November 2015

ARTICLES WANTED: Comparative Legal History, the official journal of the European Society for Comparative Legal History

Articles are being sought for publication in Comparative Legal History. The journal is published by Taylor & Francis (UK), both online and in print, twice a year:
Articles … explore both internal legal history (doctrinal and disciplinary developments in the law) and external legal history (legal ideas and institutions in wider contexts). Rooted in the complexity of the various Western legal traditions worldwide, the journal will also investigate other laws and customs from around the globe. Comparisons may be either temporal or geographical and both legal and other law-like normative traditions will be considered. Scholarship on comparative and trans-national historiography, including trans-disciplinary approaches, is particularly welcome.

Comparative Legal History is the official journal of the European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCLH). The Society’s membership fees include a subscription to the journal.

The Editors welcome scholarly submissions in the English language:

To submit an article, please contact Articles Editor Heikki Pihlajamäki (heikki.pihlajamaki@helsinki.fi). The optimal length for articles is between 7500 to 15000 words, including footnotes. All articles are submitted to double blind peer review.

To propose a review, please contact Reviews Editor Agustín Parise (agustin.parise@maastrichtuniversity.nl). Book reviews will generally range from 1500 to 2500 words. Review articles will also be considered.

Potential contributors should pay special attention to the ‘Instructions for Authors’. In particular, contributors whose first language is not English should have their papers edited by native Anglophone scholars in advance of their submission to ensure a clear presentation of their ideas and an accurate appraisal of their work.

Spread the word. 

17 November 2015

The Continuity of Legal Systems in Theory and Practice’ by Benjamin Spagnolo

Hart Publishing is delighted to announce the publication of
‘The Continuity of Legal Systems in Theory and Practice’ by Benjamin Spagnolo

We are pleased to offer you 20% discount on the book

To order online with your 20% discount please click on the link below the title and then click on the ‘pay now’ button on the right hand side of the screen. Once through to the ordering screen type ref: CV7 in the voucher code field and click ‘apply’

Alternatively, please contact Hart Publishing’s distributor, Macmillan Distribution Limited, by telephone or email (details below) quoting ref: CV7

The Continuity of Legal Systems in Theory and Practice
by Benjamin Spagnolo

The Continuity of Legal Systems in Theory and Practice examines a persistent and fascinating question about the continuity of legal systems: when is a legal system existing at one time the same legal system that exists at another time?

The book's distinctive approach to this question is to combine abstract critical analysis of two of the most developed theories of legal systems, those of Hans Kelsen and Joseph Raz, with an evaluation of their capacity, in practice, to explain the facts, attitudes and normative standards for which they purport to account. That evaluation is undertaken by reference to Australian constitutional law and history, whose diverse and complex phenomena make it particularly apt for evaluating the theories’ explanatory power.

In testing whether the depiction of Australian law presented by each theory achieves an adequate ‘fit’ with historical facts, the book also contributes to the understanding of Australian law and legal systems between 1788 and 2001. By collating the relevant Australian materials systematically for the first time, it presents the case for reconceptualising the role of Imperial laws and institutions during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and clarifies the interrelationship between Colonial, State, Commonwealth and Imperial legal systems both before and after Federation.

Benjamin Spagnolo is the Penningtons Student (Fellow) and Tutor in Law at Christ Church, Oxford.

October 2015   9781849468831    280pp   Hbk   RSP: £58
20% Discount Price: £46.40

If you would like to place an order you can do so through the Hart Publishing website (link below). To receive the discount, please click on the ‘pay now’ button on the right hand side of the screen. Once through to the ordering screen type ref: CV7 in the voucher code field and click ‘apply’.

Alternatively, please contact Hart Publishing’s Distributor, Macmillan Distribution Limited, by telephone or e-mail and quote reference CV7 when placing your order.

Macmillan Distribution (MDL), Brunel Road, Houndmills, Basingstoke, RG21 6XS, UK

UK ORDERS: Tel: +44 (0)1256 302692    Fax: +44 (0)1256 812521 / 812558      E-mail: direct@macmillan.co.uk

EU AND ROW ORDERS: Tel: +44 (0)1256 329242    Fax: +44 (0)1256 842084    E-mail: export@macmillan.co.uk

16 November 2015

Judicial Decision-Making in a Globalised World

Judicial Decision-Making in a Globalised World
A Comparative Analysis of the Changing Practices of Western Highest Courts
Elaine Mak

‘...the reviewers strongly suggest the reading of this brilliant book which has all the qualities for becoming a "must-read" for...scholars and practitioners,It is a very meticulous and welcome, but specialized, addition to the globalization of law literature...’
Suzanne Comtois and Mauro Zamboni, Canadian Journal of Administrative Law and Practice

‘…the virtues of this book are many…[it] contributes importantly to what I hope will be a growing field of “trans-Atlantic” studies.,Mak’s comparative study offers a significant contribution to the scholarship on the use of foreign legal materials in legal developments. The close scrutiny of the inner workings of the highest courts also make it a welcome addition to the field of comparative judicial studies. The book certainly merits attention from both lawyers and political scientists.’
Martin Shapiro, Law and Politics Book Review

Why do judges study legal sources that originated outside their own national legal system, and how do they use arguments from these sources in deciding domestic cases? Based on interviews with judges, this book presents the inside story of how judges engage with international and comparative law in the highest courts of the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, France and the Netherlands. A comparative analysis of the views and experiences of the judges clarifies how the decision-making of these Western courts has developed in light of the internationalisation of law and the increased opportunities for transnational judicial communication. While the qualitative analysis reveals the motives that judges claim for using foreign law and the influence of 'globalist' and 'localist' approaches to judging, the author also finds suggestions of a convergence of practices between the courts that are the subject of this study. This empirical analysis is complemented by a constitutional-theoretical inquiry into the procedural and substantive factors of legal evolution, which enable or constrain the development and possible convergence of highest courts' practices. The two strands of the analysis are connected in a final contextual reflection on the future development of the role of Western highest courts.

Elaine Mak is Professor of Empirical Study of Public Law, in particular of Rule-of-Law Institutions, at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.

12 November 2015

NEW BOOK; Droit talmudique, Talmudic Law in French

François-Xavier Licari 

Le droit talmudique

Pour la plupart des juristes, le droit talmudique est une terra incognita. Pourtant, le patrimoine juridique juif est d’une richesse et d’une pérennité sans équivalent dans l’Histoire. Constitué sur un fonds plurimillénaire, il n’a jamais cessé de se développer dans les circonstances et les pays les plus différents, montrant une immense capacité à s’adapter aux circonstances économiques et sociales les plus diverses.

L'ouvrage se concentre sur les questions cardinales : qu’entend-on par droit talmudique ? Quelles sont les sources et les autorités du système ? Quelles sont les règles d’interprétation du texte biblique mises en place par les Sages du Talmud et  leurs successeurs ? Quelle est la physionomie d’une Justice dénuée de pouvoir judiciaire et d’agents d’exécution ? Pour répondre à ces questions, l’auteur a puisé dans la littérature rabbinique traditionnelle comme dans la recherche universitaire la plus récente.

L’ouvrage, sans équivalent en langue française, s’adresse au juriste et au non-juriste.

François-Xavier Licari est Maître de conférences à l’Université de Lorraine et membre de l’Institut François Gény.

  • Date of publication: 25 November 2015

10 November 2015

Comparative Law and Legal Linguistics – An Example of True Interdisciplinarity?

Comparative Law and Legal Linguistics – An Example of True Interdisciplinarity?

On first glance, one of the areas that comes to mind when looking at interdisciplinarity in comparative law is the intersection of comparative law and legal linguistics. Evidently, any comparative lawyer who is looking at legal texts from different countries has to deal with legal translation. And legal linguistics plays an eminent role within the multi-lingual environment of the European Union.
On second glance, however, modern comparative law and linguistics may not be as compatible as one might think due to the differences in focus. Thus, ordinarily, legal linguistics is a very technical discipline that is primarily focused on semantics. Such a pragmatic view of legal translation might satisfy a strict functionalist. Modern comparative law, however, looks beyond legal texts and considers the cultural background of laws as well. So a technically correct translation of a legal term might not properly take into account the real, historically-shaped meaning of it. Therefore, a more contextual approach to legal translation might be appropriate. Law and legal language are not absolute concepts, but have to be seen in their cultural context. This means that, on the one hand, a “proper” translation gets difficult if not impossible. On the other hand, many legal languages share cultural backgrounds and this intermingling or plurilingualism needs to be taken into account when translating (or interpreting) legal texts. Consequently, legal translators should at least have some background in comparative law.
On the premise of such benefit in collaboration of legal linguistics and comparative law, professor Mattila created the discipline of comparative legal linguistics – a combination of legal linguistics, legal semiotics, legal informatics and comparative law. This area of truly interdisciplinary research should help avoid cultural mishaps in translation while at the same time bringing together so far divergent movements within comparative law. 
  • Sofie Geeroms, Comparative Law and Legal Translation: Why the Terms Cassation, Revision, and Appeal Should Not Be Translated, 50 Am. J. Comp. L. 201 (2002).
  • Vivian Grosswald Curran, Comparative Law and Language, in The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law (Reinhard Zimmermann&Mathias Reimann eds., 2006).
  • Jennifer Hendry, Comparative Law and the (Im)Possibility of Legal Translation, in: Comparative Law: Engaging Translation (S. Glanert ed., 2014).
  • Jaakko Husa, Interdisciplinary Comparative Law – Between Scylla and Charybdis, 9 J. Comp. L 28-42 (2014).
  • Jaakko Husa, Understanding Legal Languages: Linguistic Concerns of the Comparative Lawyer
  • Heikki E. S. Mattila, Comparative Legal Linguistics: Language of Law, Latin, and Modern Lingua Franca (2nd ed. 2013).

Colloque pluridisciplinaire international ARBITRAGE ET RELIGION Université de Strasbourg, le 7 juillet 2016

Colloque pluridisciplinaire international


Université de Strasbourg, le 7 juillet 2016
L'association des étudiants et anciens de la Faculté de Droit Comparé est porteuse du projet de
colloque « Arbitrage et religion » qui se tiendra à l'Université de Strasbourg le 7 juillet 2016.
Le phénomène religieux connaît dans les sociétés occidentales, comme au niveau global, un regain
d'importance considérable. Ainsi, certains droits se fondent sur la religion ou font une place
importante aux règles d'origines religieuses, à l'instar de le la charia dans le droit saoudien. En
outre, l'arbitrage, justice privée et mode privilégié de résolution des différends de la vie
économique, peut s'avérer propice aux manifestations du phénomène religieux dans le droit. En
effet, les matières laissées libres par le législateur à l'activité de tribunaux privés constituent le
terrain de prédilection idéal de l'exercice de leurs missions par les tribunaux arbitraux
confessionnels. Les décisions émanant de tels organismes peuvent constituer de véritables sentences
arbitrales, exécutoires au même titre qu'une décision de la justice étatique. Quelques trop rares
publications ont exploré les questions liées à l'arbitrage dans les grandes traditions religieuses.
Cependant, leur rareté mérite qu'une étude d'envergure plus importante soit consacrée à ces
Dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire, l’événement est ouvert à toute personne, professionnel de la
recherche ou non, jeune ou confirmée dans son activité scientifique, ayant un intérêt pour le sujet. Il
n'est pas limité aux sciences juridiques. De manière non exhaustive, des contributions dans les
disciplines historiques, économiques, ou sociologiques sont également vivement souhaitées.
Le comité scientifique se propose d'étudier les différentes facettes de l'arbitrage dans les traditions
religieuses Hébraïques, Chrétiennes et Musulmanes, sans que cette proposition ne soit limitative en
aucune manière. Il serait ainsi, par exemple, tout à fait envisageable qu'une contribution ait trait à
l'étude d'un éventuel droit de l'arbitrage dans le Bouddhisme.
Le domaine géographique de la journée d'étude pourra également être très large de sorte à
correspondre à l'esprit qui est celui de la Faculté de Droit Comparé, depuis sa création. La seule
limite sera que les travaux menés en droit religieux portent uniquement sur les sources classiques.
Ainsi, par exemple l'étude de la Charia ne consistera pas à examiner les différentes variations
contemporaines qui existent entre la mise en oeuvre de ce droit au Soudan, et en Iran.
La thématique retenue soulève d'emblée diverses questions liées à l’existence d'un arbitrage
spécifiquement religieux, mais également à celle d'un droit religieux de l'arbitrage.
Axe 1. L'existence d'un arbitrage religieux.
Le concept même d'arbitrage religieux se heurte à une importante difficulté de définition : faut-il
considérer comme un arbitrage religieux, tout arbitrage dans lequel le droit appliqué par les arbitres
est un droit religieux, ou plus généralement tout arbitrage qui fait appel à des règles religieuses ?
La thématique appelle une seconde question : quelle est la part concrète occupée par l'arbitrage
religieux dans les systèmes juridiques contemporains ? La réponse à cette question ne pourra faire
l'économie d'un aspect pratique basé sur des études quantitatives réalisées au contact de
professionnels de l'arbitrage religieux : tribunaux rabbiniques, islamiques, officialités etc.
La nature de l'arbitrage religieux fait également débat : s'agit-il vraiment d'arbitrage ou est-il
possible d'identifier un autre mode de résolution des différends. Par exemple, l'intervention d'un
imam dans un litige ne peut-elle pas plutôt s'apparenter à une médiation ou à une conciliation qu'à
un arbitrage ?
La question du monopole des autorités religieuses sur l'arbitrage religieux présente également un
intérêt certain. Pour statuer valablement au regard du droit religieux, les tribunaux doivent-ils être
exclusivement composés de fidèles de la confession dans le droit de laquelle le tribunal se prononce
ou non ? Quel est le statut des tribunaux mixtes au regard du droit religieux ?
Axe 2. L'existence d'un droit religieux de l'arbitrage.
La problématique du contexte sociologique présente également un intérêt certain : quelles sont les
raisons d'existence de ces arbitrages religieux ? Le recours à de telles procédures est-il imposé aux
fidèles par le droit religieux en question ? Par exemple dans l'Islam et le Judaïsme, il est fait
interdiction aux croyants d'exercer tout recours judiciaire devant le tribunal de l'Etat lorsqu'un litige
oppose des fidèles entre eux. Là encore, la question de la pratique prend une importance
fondamentale. Dans quelle proportion de telles règles font-elles l'objet d'une mise en oeuvre ?
La réception des sentences dans l'ordre juridique national concerné fait également question. Il
pourra notamment être envisagé de savoir si l'exequatur serait donné à une sentence rendue par des
rabbins sur la base du droit talmudique, des imams sur la base de la Charia ou tribunal arbitral
confessionnel sur la base du Droit Chrétien.
L'existence d'un droit religieux de l'arbitrage pourra également être démontrée par l'étude de son
éventuel contenu. Une telle étude s'avère d'autant plus nécessaire qu'en pratique des clauses de
"droit applicable", soumettant le litige à un droit religieux, viennent de plus en plus fréquemment se
superposer à la clause compromissoire. A ce titre, les problématiques de l'arbitrabilité, mais
également les éventuelles incompatibilités liées au sexe ou à la personne des arbitres pourraient
s'avérer intéressantes.
Dans le cadre d'une éventuelle participation au colloque, un projet de contribution de 4 pages,
rédigé en Français ou en Anglais, en format word ou pdf, accompagné d'une bibliographie et d'un
CV sera à adresser au Comité Scientifique par courriel à arbitra tion . religion@gmail.com avant le
jeudi 7 janvier 2015, 23:59, délai de rigueur.
L’événement donnera lieu à une publication au début de l'année 2017. Le transport, l'hébergement et
la restauration des candidats sélectionnés seront pris en charge par l'organisateur du colloque.

Comité Scientifique :
François-Xavier LICARI, Maître de Conférences HDR, Université de Lorraine, fx.licari@sfr.fr
Nicolas NORD, Maître de Conférences HDR, Université de Strasbourg,
Sâmi HAZOUG, Docteur en Droit, ATER, Université de Strasbourg,
Lionel DREYFUSS, Docteur en Droit, Chargé d'Enseignements, Université de Strasbourg,
Vladimira PEJCHALOVÁ-GRÜNWALDOVÁ, Docteur en droit,
expert auprès de l'Union des Avocats de la République Tchèque,
Abdoul DALI TRAORE, Doctorant, Université de Strasbourg,
Mohammad MEHDIPOUR, Doctorant, Université de Lorraine.

30 October 2015

Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East

Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East
“Modernities” in the Making

Ed. by Ze’evi, Dror / Toledano, Ehud R.

'Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East:“Modernities” in the Making is an edited volume that seeks to deepen and broaden our understanding of various forms of change in Middle Eastern and North African societies during the Ottoman period. It offers an in-depth analysis of reforms and gradual change in the longue durée, challenging the current discourse on the relationship between society, culture, and law. The focus of the discussion shifts from an external to an internal perspective, as agency transitions from “the West” to local actors in the region. Highlighting the ongoing interaction between internal processes and external stimuli, and using primary sources in Arabic and Ottoman Turkish, the authors and editors bring out the variety of modernities that shaped south-eastern Mediterranean history.

The first part of the volume interrogates the urban elite household, the main social, political, and economic unit of networking in Ottoman societies. The second part addresses the complex relationship between law and culture, looking at how the legal system, conceptually and practically, undergirded the socio-cultural aspects of life in the Middle East.

Society, Law, and Culture in the Middle East consists of eleven chapters, written by well-established and younger scholars working in the field of Middle East and Islamic Studies. The editors, Dror Ze'evi and Ehud R. Toledano, are both leading historians, who have published extensively on Middle Eastern societies in the Ottoman and post-Ottoman periods.'


20 October 2015


András Földi — Gábor Hamza


The most important Hungarian textbook
of Roman law for hundred years

This textbook succeeds the manual of Roman law written by Róbert Brósz and Elemér Pólay, first published in 1974. The new work of András Földi and Gábor Hamza offers a more extensive treatment not only than that of the textbook which it succeeds, but also than the two-volume, 1941 manual of Kálmán Személyi. In its detailed treatment of the subsequent history of Roman law it can only be compared to the classical work of Tamás Vécsey, the last edition of which appeared in 1907.
The treatise, as suggested by its title, presents the history and the institutes (i.e. the classical material) of Roman law. The historical part, however, does not deal exclusively with governmental orga­nization and the legal sources of ancient Rome, but also traces in detail the continuous presence of Roman law in different contem­porary legal systems.
The structure of the textbook is as follows:

·      History and subsequent fate of Roman law
·      Procedural law, including an outline of criminal procedure
·      Law of persons and family law
·      Law of things (Law of property)
·      Law of obligations, with an appendix on criminal law
·      Law of succession

The textbook includes an extensive bibliography, as well as three detailed indexes comprising more than 3000 entries.

Orders are to be directed to the Publisher:
Oktatáskutató és Fejlesztő Intézet
1143 Budapest, Szobránc utca 6–8.

14 October 2015

Professorship of Law at the University of Münster

The University of Münster invites applications for an open-ended appointment as professor of law in the Faculty of Law to commence as soon as possible. The Faculty of Law of the University of Münster is one of the leading law faculties in Germany. The appointment is part of an internationalization strategy that aims at preparing students for the challenges of an increasingly international legal profession and to attract a greater number of foreign students.
Applicants should be qualified primarily in a non-German speaking legal system and have an international focus on teaching and research. They must be able to give lectures in English. German language skills are not required. The successful applicant will be expected to undertake original research leading to influential international publications, contribute to the teaching of the faculty’s degree programs and take an active role in the administration of the faculty. The teaching load amounts to nine hours per week (approx. 126 hours per semester). The university will offer the successful applicant a competitive remuneration package (Although the offered position is a W2-professorship, the salary will be paid according to pay scale grade W3.) commensurate with the applicant’s qualification and experience and contributions to a retirement benefits scheme.

The University of Münster is an equal opportunity employer and is committed to increasing the proportion of female academics. Consequently, we actively encourage applications by women. Female candidates with equivalent qualifications and academic achievements will be preferentially considered within the framework of the legal possibilities. We also welcome applications from candidates with severe disabilities. Disabled candidates with equivalent qualifications will be preferentially considered.

Queries about the post should be addressed to the head of the selection committee, Professor Petra Pohlmann (petra.pohlmann@uni-muenster.de). Applications should include a covering letter or statement explaining the motivation for the application as well as a full CV, a list of publications and a list of previously taught classes. They should be sent electronically until November 2nd, 2015 to dekan03@uni-muenster.de.

13 October 2015

European Society for Comparative Legal History Fourth Biennial Conference


Gdańsk (Poland) 28 June – 1 July 2016

Culture, Identity and Legal Instrumentalism

The Organising Committee of the 4th Biennial Conference and the Executive Council of the European Society for Comparative Legal History are pleased to call for papers for the upcoming conference to be held on 28 June – 1 July 2016 at the University of Gdańsk (Poland) on: “Culture, Identity and Legal Instrumentalism”. The main theme picks up threads of thought from the earlier ESCLH conferences in Valencia (2010), Amsterdam (2012) and Macerata (2014). The conference will focus on the issue of law as an instrument of transforming reality in the individual cultural circles and sub-circles of Europe and the world. Papers addressing this theme are welcome, to be submitted before 15 November 2015 as explained below.
The conference seeks to understand the instrumentality of law through two broad themes. Law may
be considered as an instrument either (1) through the prism of analysis of techniques (functional approach) or (2) of objectives (axiological approach).
Within the first approach, particularly welcome are those papers which address how legal
problems are identified and their solutions developed, whether autonomously or by transplantation and subsequent adaptation.
Within the second approach, we welcome papers exploring how law can transform reality,
especially as a tool of modernisation and/or as a means to shape and strengthen national identity or other goals defined through the prism of national interest.
Papers should be novel, properly researched and referenced. They should address the conference
theme, exploring doctrinal, theoretical, cultural or methodological aspects of comparative legal history. The organisers particularly welcome addressing multiple cultures. This includes where a similar legal system functions in two different cultural circles as a result of en masse transplantation of foreign legal solutions and where a given homogeneous cultural circle has been divided and various legal systems function in its
individual parts.
The conference organisers intend to publish a volume, drawing on the best papers presented at the
conference as developed in line for publication.

Dr Anna Klimaszewska
Dr Michał Gałędek
Katedra Historii Prawa
Wydział Prawa i Administracji
ul. Bażyńskiego 6, 80-952 Gdańsk
tel. +48 58 523 28 79, fax +48 58 523 29 41, email: anna.klimaszewska@prawo.ug.edu.pl; michal.galedek@prawo.ug.edu.pl

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